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alpine Failed to build lxml 【Could not find function xmlCheckVersion in library libxml2. Is libxml2 installed?】

2020年04月17日 14:02 学习笔记 暂无评论 阅读 209 views 次

【注意:此文章为博主原创文章!转载需注意,请带原文链接,至少也要是txt格式!】

百度的RASP 扫描器真的是坑啊。。。大坑啊。。也可能是测试版的问题吧。。。
【Could not find function xmlCheckVersion in library libxml2. Is libxml2 installed?】解决方案,我们先看看报错信息:

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    Running setup.py install for lxml ... error
    ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
     command: /usr/local/bin/python -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'/tmp/pip-install-jhj7sdbk/lxml/setup.py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'/tmp/pip-i                       nstall-jhj7sdbk/lxml/setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'"'"');f.close();exec(compile(code                       , __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record /tmp/pip-record-5_8hm09b/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /usr/local/                       include/python3.7m/lxml
         cwd: /tmp/pip-install-jhj7sdbk/lxml/
    Complete output (95 lines):
    Building lxml version 4.4.1.
    Building without Cython.
    ERROR: b'/bin/sh: xslt-config: not found\n'
    ** make sure the development packages of libxml2 and libxslt are installed **
 
    Using build configuration of libxslt
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/sax.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/_elementpath.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/builder.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/ElementInclude.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/usedoctest.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/cssselect.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/pyclasslookup.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/doctestcompare.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/diff.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/ElementSoup.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/html5parser.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/builder.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/usedoctest.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/_setmixin.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/clean.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/soupparser.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/_html5builder.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/_diffcommand.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/formfill.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    copying src/lxml/html/defs.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/html
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron
    copying src/lxml/etree.h -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/etree_api.h -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/lxml.etree.h -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/lxml.etree_api.h -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml
    copying src/lxml/includes/etreepublic.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/xinclude.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/xmlerror.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/htmlparser.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/config.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/__init__.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/xmlschema.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/uri.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/xslt.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/tree.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/xmlparser.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/dtdvalid.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/xpath.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/relaxng.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/c14n.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/schematron.pxd -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/etree_defs.h -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    copying src/lxml/includes/lxml-version.h -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/includes
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/rng
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/rng/iso-schematron.rng -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/rng
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/RNG2Schtrn.xsl -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/XSD2Schtrn.xsl -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1/iso_dsdl_include.xsl -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematr                       on-xslt1
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1/iso_abstract_expand.xsl -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schem                       atron-xslt1
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1/iso_schematron_skeleton_for_xslt1.xsl -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources                       /xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1/iso_schematron_message.xsl -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-sc                       hematron-xslt1
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1/iso_svrl_for_xslt1.xsl -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schema                       tron-xslt1
    copying src/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1/readme.txt -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.7/lxml/isoschematron/resources/xsl/iso-schematron-xslt1
    running build_ext
    building 'lxml.etree' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.7
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.7/src
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.7/src/lxml
    gcc -Wno-unused-result -Wsign-compare -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -DTHREAD_STACK_SIZE=0x100000 -fPIC -DCYTHON_CLINE_IN_TRACEBACK=0 -Isrc -Isrc/lxml/includes -I/                       usr/local/include/python3.7m -c src/lxml/etree.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.7/src/lxml/etree.o -w
    In file included from src/lxml/etree.c:692:
    src/lxml/includes/etree_defs.h:14:10: fatal error: libxml/xmlversion.h: No such file or directory
     #include "libxml/xmlversion.h"
              ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    compilation terminated.
    Compile failed: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
    cc -I/usr/include/libxml2 -c /tmp/xmlXPathInit42gzsg_w.c -o tmp/xmlXPathInit42gzsg_w.o
    /tmp/xmlXPathInit42gzsg_w.c:1:10: fatal error: libxml/xpath.h: No such file or directory
     #include "libxml/xpath.h"
              ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    compilation terminated.
    *********************************************************************************
    Could not find function xmlCheckVersion in library libxml2. Is libxml2 installed?
    *********************************************************************************
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
    ----------------------------------------
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1: /usr/local/bin/python -u -c 'import sys, setuptools, tokenize; sys.argv[0] = '"'"'/tmp/pip-install-jhj7sdbk/lxml/setup.                       py'"'"'; __file__='"'"'/tmp/pip-install-jhj7sdbk/lxml/setup.py'"'"';f=getattr(tokenize, '"'"'open'"'"', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('"'"'\r\n'"'"', '"'"'\n'                       "'"');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, '"'"'exec'"'"'))' install --record /tmp/pip-record-5_8hm09b/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --comp                       ile --install-headers /usr/local/include/python3.7m/lxml Check the logs for full command output.

解决方案:

##注意,我是在alpine 容器中,所以执行命令略有不同。
apk --no-cache add --update  libxml2-utils libxslt gcc musl-dev libxslt-dev

##如果不行,那就执行。
apk  add  libxml2-utils libxslt gcc musl-dev libxslt-dev

我是在python安装下面软件过程中出现的问题

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aiohttp==3.5.4
aiomysql==0.0.20
async-timeout==3.0.1
atomicwrites==1.3.0
attrs==19.1.0
certifi==2019.3.9
chardet==3.0.4
ConcurrentLogHandler==0.9.1
coverage==4.5.3
idna==2.8
importlib-metadata==0.18
jsonschema==3.0.1
lru-dict==1.1.6
more-itertools==7.0.0
multidict==4.5.2
packaging==19.0
peewee==3.9.6
peewee-async==0.6.3a0
pluggy==0.12.0
psutil==5.6.3
py==1.8.0
PyMySQL==0.9.2
PyYAML==5.1.1
pyparsing==2.4.0
pyrsistent==0.15.2
pytest-cov==2.7.1
requests==2.22.0
six==1.12.0
tornado==6.0.2
urllib3==1.25.3
wcwidth==0.1.7
yarl==1.3.0
zipp==0.5.1
dictdiffer==0.8.0
lxml==4.4.1
aiowebsocket==1.0.0.dev2

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